Some states ban abortion after the Supreme Court struck down Roe v. Wade

Pro-life demonstrators hold signs in front of the U.S. Supreme Court as they await its ruling on the legality of a Republican-backed Louisiana law that places restrictions on doctors who perform abortions in Washington, U.S. June 22, 2020.

Kevin Lemark | Reuters

Several US states immediately banned abortion on Friday after The Supreme Court ruling that overturned Roe v. Wadedividing the nation into jurisdictions where the procedure is legal and where it is prohibited.

The Supreme Court’s decision ended half a century of Constitutional protection of abortion rights, meaning that states will now be allowed to regulate the procedure.

At least 13 states there are laws in books that they will either ban abortion immediately or do so soon.

Abortion bans in Arkansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, and South Dakota went into effect immediately. The laws make abortion a criminal offense punishable by years in prison. They make no exceptions for rape or incest. However, under the law, women cannot be prosecuted for having an abortion.

On the west coast, the governors of California, Oregon, and Washington promised to expand access perform abortions and protect women who come to their states in need of this procedure.

Read the reaction to Roe v. Wade flips

One who has an abortion Arkansas, Louisiana as well as Oklahoma faces 10 years in prison if the procedure is not carried out to save the life of a pregnant woman. Arkansas and Louisiana also make exceptions for doctors to terminate ectopic pregnancies or treat miscarriages.

AT Missourianyone who has an abortion faces up to 15 years in prison unless the procedure is done in a medical emergency.

Choice supporters and Planned Parenthood staff hold a rally outside the Planned Parenthood Reproductive Health Services Center in St. Louis. Louis, Missouri, May 31, 2019, the last place in the state to have an abortion.

Saul Loeb | AFP | Getty Images

AT Kentucky, anyone who gets an abortion faces up to five years in prison. The law makes exceptions to save the life of a pregnant woman or procedures performed by physicians that result in an unintentional termination of a pregnancy. Gov. Andy Beshear, a Democrat, denounced the law as extremist.

Any person who has an abortion in North Dakota he now faces up to two years in prison if the procedure is not carried out to protect the mother’s life.

According to the text of the laws, Idaho, Tennessee and Texas will impose a ban on abortion in 30 days. Abortion bans in Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Utah, and Wyoming take effect after the Attorney General, Governor, or some legislature confirms that the Supreme Court is done with Roe.

On Friday, US Attorney General Merrick Garland said the Justice Department will protect women who travel from states where it is illegal to have abortions in states where the procedure is legal.

“Few rights are more important to personal freedom than the right to control one’s own body,” Garland said. “The Justice Department will use every tool at our disposal to protect reproductive freedom.” And we will not deviate from this Department’s fundamental responsibility to protect the civil rights of all Americans.”

The abortion pill is the next flash point

States that ban abortion also ban the use of abortion pills. However, women cannot be punished for abortions under the law, which means that many people can turn to online pharmacies located abroad for home delivery of pills.

Boxes of mifepristone medication used for medical abortion are prepared for patients at Planned Parenthood Medical Center in Birmingham, Alabama, on March 14, 2022.

Evelyn Hockstein | Reuters

The abortion pill, mifepristone, is approved in the US to terminate pregnancies before the 10th week of pregnancy. The Food and Drug Administration first approved the drug in 2000, but required women to receive it in person as part of a program that monitors certain drugs for safety risks. Abortion rights advocates have vehemently criticized the FDA’s claims, arguing that mifepristone has a long and proven track record of being a safe and effective method of terminating early pregnancies.

In response to the Covid-19 pandemic, last year the FDA temporarily lifted the requirement that women receive the pills in person. In December, the agency permanently removed the in-person requirement, allowing certified pharmacies in the US to fill and mail prescriptions.

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