Anti-abortion states are divided on how to enforce the ban, whether to prosecute or control doctors

Thousands of people took to the streets of New York in protest.

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Supreme Court decision rollover Row vs. Wade it’s not just splitting the country into states where abortion is legal and illegal. It also illustrates the sharp divisions among anti-abortion states over whether to allow exceptions and how to enforce the law.

Nearly half of the states passed “trigger laws” or constitutional amendments. in place to quickly ban abortion after Roe v. Wade’s ruling. However, lawmakers and governors on Sunday demonstrated how differently this could end.

Some states allow exceptions, such as legal abortions to protect the mother’s life. Others are taking aggressive action, including harassing doctors, looking into the use of abortion drugs and traveling to other states for the procedure, and encouraging individuals to sue people who help women get abortions.

South Dakota Republican Gov. Kristi Noem said the state will not prosecute women who have undergone the procedure. She said the state also has no plans to pass laws like those in Texas and Oklahoma that encourage private citizens to file civil suits against those accused of aiding and abetting abortions.

“I don’t believe women should ever be prosecuted,” she said Sunday on ABC’s This Week. “I don’t believe mothers in this situation will ever be held accountable. Now doctors who knowingly break the law should be held accountable, unambiguously.”

She said the state had not yet decided what would happen if a South Dakota traveled to another state to have an abortion, saying “there will be debate about that.”

She added that each state and its legislators must decide what laws will look closer to home.

Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson, a Republican, said the state allows one exception: saving a mother’s life. He instructed his health ministry to enforce the law but focus on providing resources to women who have unwanted pregnancies.

Arkansas law does not include an exception for incest, which forces a 13-year-old girl who is raped by a relative to carry a pregnancy to term. Hutchinson said he did not agree with this.

“I would have preferred a different outcome,” he said on NBC’s Meet the Press Sunday. “This is not a debate today in Arkansas. It might be in the future.”

Hutchinson said the state would not investigate miscarriages or ban the IUD, a form of contraception that some anti-abortion activists consider abortion because it can prevent a fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus.

“We are talking about abortion, this is what was provoked, and not about contraception. It’s clear and women need to be sure of that,” he told Meet the Press.

In Texas, state law takes a broader approach. It enforces the abortion ban through lawsuits filed by private individuals against doctors or anyone who helps a woman get an abortion, such as a person who takes a pregnant woman to a medical center.

Oklahoma has a similar prohibition enforced by civil suits rather than criminal prosecutions.

U.S. Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Democrat of New York, and Senator Elizabeth Warren, Democrat of Massachusetts, said on Sunday that all these state bans lead to the same result: women’s freedoms are stolen and their lives are threatened.

Ocasio-Cortez pointed to Arkansas’ public health record, noting that it has one of the highest maternal death rates in the nation and a high rate of child poverty.

“Forcing women to get pregnant against their will is killing them,” she said on Meet the Press. “It will kill them, especially in the state of Arkansas, where there is very little support for life after birth in terms of health care, childcare and poverty alleviation.”

– CNNBC Jessica Bursztynski contributed to this report.