Friday’s decision came amid expectations of an overturn by the US Supreme Court. reference point Rowe vs. Wade solution that legalized abortion throughout the country. Then Iowa legislators could ban abortion in the state without completing the lengthy process of amending the state constitution.
The Iowa decision came as a result of a lawsuit filed by abortion providers who challenged a 2020 law that required 24 hour waiting period before a woman could have an abortion. BUT judge who hit the law cites a 2018 ruling by the state’s highest court. The judge also concluded that the law violated rules prohibiting passage of bills by more than one subject.
The state supreme court returned the waiting period case to the district court.
In its 2018 ruling, passed by 5 votes to 2, the court stated that “autonomy and mastery over one’s body is at the core of what it means to be free.”
The annulment of the decision after just four years reflects a dramatic change in the composition of the court. Governor Kim Reynolds has appointed four judges since 2017, so six of the seven people on the court have been nominated by Republican governors.
Reynolds, a vocal opponent of abortion rights, and Republicans in the Legislature have repeatedly said they hope the court will reverse the 2018 decision. With that in mind, Reynolds and GOP lawmakers have given the governor more control over the commission, which chooses which lawyers and judges are appointed to positions on the court.