The Genesis of “Privacy by Design” – POLITICO

With the help of Derek Robertson and Ben Schrekinger

The US has never had a national data privacy law. This can change with new bill debated in both houses of Congress, and support from leaders of both parties.

American privacy and data protection law includes requirements that any organization that “collects, processes, or transmits” information that may be associated with a specific individual follow the principles of “confidentiality by design”.

There has been a long-standing idea that the only way to keep data private is to build it into applications early on. it’s in Europe General Data Protection Regulation as well as Brazilian national privacy lawamong many other jurisdictions.

But applying this idea to an ever-evolving technology is likely to require some serious iterationto use the Silicon Valley term.

We asked Ann Kavukian, who coined the term and came up with seven “fundamental principles“In 1997, when she was Ontario’s Information and Privacy Commissioner, about the history and future of the concept.

This interview has been edited for length and clarity.

What is privacy by design?

Privacy by design is about building privacy into code. This takes the pressure off individuals – data subjects – for remembering to ask for privacy.

What inspired you to create privacy by design principles?

I have a background in psychology and I wanted to take a psychological approach to it. I wanted to have a proactive model that would ideally prevent privacy damage from occurring. I wanted to intervene before, not after, the harm happened. So I literally created privacy at my kitchen table for three nights and came up with seven fundamental principles and then brought them into the office and “sold them.” The lawyers came in and that’s how we worked it out.

Privacy is the foundation of our freedom. You should be free to choose how you want your personal information to be used and to whom you want it disclosed. I want this to be reflected in privacy by design, but I also wanted to reflect that one interest is not opposed to another.

This is not privacy versus security or data privacy versus usefulness.

I wanted both. I wanted privacy and usefulness to go hand in hand. I wanted privacy and data security to go hand in hand. So we did it and it just took off.

What do you think about the privacy provisions as intended in the US Privacy and Data Protection Act bill?

In fact, I am very pleased with this bill because I think it will provide high standards of security and data minimization. And I think it takes so long in the US to pass one of these laws, and it’s long overdue; You must switch to it now.

I think it’s close to something that says a lot. This will put an end to the discriminatory use of your personal data. It prohibits the transfer of confidential data to third parties and without “express consent”. It’s huge. This is the essence of privacy by design: a person will be the one who consents to a specific use of their personal data. I thought it was wonderful.

I think this is a great way to move forward. Nothing is perfect, of course, but it’s enough that I think a lot of bands will like it.

How do you see privacy by design evolving in the future, especially with more decentralized systems?

It’s all about maintaining control over the data subject. If this is reflected in the successes you have achieved, then you are fully compliant with the principle of confidentiality by design.

General principles – they are general for a very specific reason, because we want to preserve the ability of the data subject to have control. Privacy is control – personal control over the use and disclosure of your personal information.

If you can capture that with privacy in design – and you can – and then apply it to some other development, then you’re golden.

In the crypto world, everything happens quickly. But all of a sudden this week the usual old institutions are catching up: Sens. Cynthia Lummis and Kirsten Gillibrand presented their highly anticipated cryptocurrency regulation law; PayPal announced the launch permission for cryptocurrency transfers; a group of traditional brokerages unveiled their plans launch a crypto platform.

It was all inside 24 hours. This is a sign that technology is becoming more and more rooted in institutional lifedespite the fact that the value of cryptocurrencies has seriously fallen, and some of its major players Was embroiled in scandal.

I have asked Justin Slaughter, policy director at crypto venture capital firm Paradigm and former SEC official from January to September 2021, why this stream of institutional adoption is happening now and what it means for the future of cryptocurrencies. He said that after years of analysts predicting the technology’s demise, this moment is a pretty big indication that it will stay.

“Crypto’s engagement with institutional players has historically come in waves, and it’s a pretty significant development,” Slaughter said, adding that the potential impact of the Lummis/Gillibrand bill is especially high. “For virtually everyone, the status quo doesn’t work — government agencies don’t know how to deal with cryptocurrencies, and the crypto industry is stuck between vague, competing, and sometimes conflicting regulatory programs at both the national and state levels. ”- Derek Robertson

On Monday we wrote about 3OH DAO., the Web3 advocacy group that launched the new super PAC, and CultDAO, the group listed as an investor on the 3OH DAO website. At the time, 3OH DAO spokesman Dave Barmore said he didn’t know much about CultDAO. Following the publication, another 3OH DAO spokesperson, Jennifer Mullin, informed us that CultDAO was an early investor in 3OH DAO, but is no longer involved in the project or holding tokens in 3OH DAO. – Ben Schrekinger

Monkeys in JPG format. These are the most popular and valuable NFTs. But are they really that good?

Digital art historian and critic Tina Rivers Ryan weighed on the critical importance of NFT today, marking edge that there are actually several different categories of art that are a blockchain-based token that theoretically gives them value.

Her assessment includes:

  • “Blockchain art is about projects that not only use blockchain, but actively explore its limits to force us to rethink concepts like value, ownership, and authenticity.”
  • “Crypto art… celebrating cryptocurrency and its accompanying subcultures”
  • And anything else that can’t be clearly classified as such, “digital art or digital design that has been tokenized so it can be bought and sold.”

The way popular NFT art works, like Bored Apes or CryptoPunks, is really not much different from postmodern art created by artists like Andy Warhol. Each element can be unique, but this is not the result of painstaking attention to detail, but a random collection of existing digital elements.

A little, like CryptoPhunks, even set up existing NFTs as a meta-comment to the ecosystem itself. As crude and overtly commercial as it is, there are plenty of analog precedents for how NFT artists interact with the art world. – Derek Robertson

  • Read about how a convicted Bitcoin launderer tapped into a growing white-collar circle.”prison consultants. ”
  • white hat hackers are struggling with the recent outbreak of cryptocurrency heists.
  • Once-seemingly invincible investment company Tiger Capital has found itself on the heel against the backdrop of a technical downturn.
  • Microsoft HoloLens AR technology development team leader. resigned against the background of accusations of insults and harassment.
  • Another of the largest crypto exchanges, Binance, is under scrutiny. widespread hacking and fraud on the platform.

Stay in touch with the entire team: Ben Schrekinger ([email protected]); Derek Robertson[email protected]); Konstantin Kakaes (ur.[email protected]); and Heidi Vogt ([email protected]).

Ben Schrekinger writes for POLITICO on technology, finance and politics; he is a cryptocurrency investor.

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