Analysis of ancient Roman jugs suggests that wine was produced from local grapes in waterproof containers.

Wine in Rome! An analysis of ancient jars found near the Italian city suggests that the wine was made from local grapes in containers waterproofed with imported resin.

  • Analysis of ancient jugs suggests that the Romans made wine from local grapes.
  • Researchers found local pollen inside three amphoras found in Italy.
  • There were also pine residues that may have been present to add flavor to the wine.
  • Pine may also have been obtained from tar resin used to waterproof pitchers.

If you want to do the same as the Romans, you can start with a glass of wine from a nearby vineyard.

A new analysis of a set of three ancient jars found near Rome suggests that red and white wines were made from local grape varieties in coastal areas. Italy during the Roman period.

Researchers from the University of Avignon in France also analyzed chemical markers, plant tissue remains and pollen left inside winemaking jars.

They found traces of pine, which was used to create resin to waterproof jars, as well as to add flavor to the wine itself.

The authors stated: “By using different approaches to deciphering the composition and nature of the Roman amphorae integument, we have moved further in our understanding of ancient practices than would have been possible with a single approach.”

Researchers at the University of Avignon in France have analyzed chemical markers, plant debris and pollen left inside ancient Roman wine-making jars. Pictured is an amphora of the Lamboglia type, a typology intended for the maritime transport of wine or olive oil.

Images of archeological plant tissues that got into the resin of one of the jars (1), a thread from the stamen of the modern wild flower Vitis vinifera (2) and a fragment of charred pine wood that got into the resin of one of the jars (3) .  The white arrow points to the diagnostic resin canal.

Images of tissues of archaeological plants that have fallen into the resin of one of the jars (1), a thread from the stamen of a modern wild plant. Vitis vinifera a flower (2) and a piece of charred pine wood that got into the resin of one of the jars (3). The white arrow points to the diagnostic resin canal.

SAN FELICE CIRCEO SEABOTTOM FIELD

The cemetery of archaeological artifacts was discovered after a severe winter storm hit San Felice Circeo in 2018.

The objects were found at a short distance from the shore, half a meter below the usual level of sand in a trench of about 100 m².

Among the few artifacts discovered were ancient anchors made of stone, wood, lead and iron, cannons, muskets, the remains of ancient ships and amphoras.

The objects date back to the sixth century BC, as well as the medieval and Roman periods.

Analytical chemist Louise Chassouin and her colleagues examined three Roman-period amphoras – wine jugs – recovered from the seabed in 2018.

The deposit was located near the modern harbor of San Felice Circeo in Italy, about 56 miles (90 km) southeast of Rome.

Other objects found nearby include ancient anchors made of stone, wood, lead and iron, cannons, muskets and the remains of ancient ships.

They have been dated to the sixth century BC, as well as the medieval and Roman periods.

In this study, three amphoras belonging to the late Greek-Italian, Dresselian and Lambolian types were studied.

Biomarker analysis in amphorae published today in PLUS ONEsuggests that they were used to create both red and white wine.

The researchers also found pollen Vitis flowers found in local modern and middle Pleistocene specimens.

This vine pollen is consistent with wild species from the area, suggesting that these vintners used native plants.

However, it remains unclear whether they were domesticated at the time or collected from wild plants.

The team also identified the remains Pinus Group silvestris, which was used to produce wood resin for waterproofing pitchers.

Vitis pollen grains recovered from fossil deposits from Rignano Flaminio (A, B), surface of modern wild Vitis fruit from Tivoli (C, D), and resin from three amphoras in study (EJ)

Vitis pollen grains recovered from fossil deposits from Rignano Flaminio (A, B), Surface of modern wild fruits Vitis from Tivoli (C, D) and the resin of three amphorae in the study (E – J)

Chemical markers indicated that the resin was not of local origin and was probably imported from Calabria or Sicily based on other historical sources.

Researchers claim that it was also used to add flavor to wine, as it imparts a strong aromatic character, and herbal wines were common at the time.

They hope that their successful interdisciplinary approach to analysis will be replicated in future studies of ancient Roman grapevine cultivation.

The huge 1500 year old WINERY discovered in Israel is the largest known winery in the world from the Byzantine period.

A huge 1500 year old winery has been discovered in Israel and it is the largest known winery ever discovered from the Byzantine period.

According to the Israel Antiquities Authority, the complex facility unearthed at Yavne can produce up to two million liters of wine per year.

By comparison, the UK as a whole now produces just under eight million liters a year.

Archaeologists have spent two years excavating the 75,000-square-foot site as part of an Israel Lands Administration initiative to expand the city of Yavne into the surrounding area.

They found five massive wine presses, warehouses for aging and selling wine, and even kilns for firing clay vessels in which wine was stored.

A well organized and structured factory produced a regional wine known as Gaza or Ashkelon, which was then exported throughout the Mediterranean.

Drinking wine was common for adults and children during the Byzantine period, around 520 AD, due to the poor quality of the water.

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