Solar eclipse… from SPACE! A NASA probe captured the moon passing in front of the Sun in stunning images that show “lunar mountains illuminated by solar fire.”
- A NASA spacecraft captured the Moon passing in front of the Sun from space in a stunning series of images.
- The solar eclipse was not visible from Earth and lasted only 35 minutes, but it was captured on camera from space.
- Close-ups taken by the Solar Dynamics Observatory show lunar mountain ranges illuminated by swirling solar flames.
- NASA experts have identified the Leibniz and Dörfel ridges near the south pole of the moon.
BUT NASA The satellite took stunning pictures of the partial solar eclipse from its unique vantage point in space, the only place where it was visible.
The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) photographed the Moon’s transit in front of the Sun at approximately 05:20 BST (01:20 ET) yesterday.
The transit lasted about 35 minutes, and at its peak, the Moon covered 67 percent of the fiery surface.
The spacecraft then returned a series of images of the event, showing “mountains of the moon lit by solar fire,” according to SpaceWeather.com.
Bumps and bumps can be seen on the surface of the passed satellite, which have been identified as part of the Leibniz and Dörfel mountain ranges.
NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory captured images of the 35-minute partial solar eclipse from a unique vantage point in space, the only place it was visible.
The Solar Dynamics Observatory photographed the transit of the Moon in front of the Sun at 05:20 BST (01:20 ET) yesterday.
The spacecraft returned a series of images of the event that showed “lunar mountains illuminated by solar fire,” according to SpaceWeather.com experts.
WHAT IS A SOLAR ECLIPSE?
Solar eclipses occur when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, casting a shadow on the Earth.
There are different types, depending on how hidden the sun appears to the viewer at a given location.
Solar eclipses occur roughly every six months, a consequence of the Moon not quite orbiting the Earth in the same plane as the planet on its path around the Sun.
Patricio Leon of Santiago, Chile, compared close-up images of the Moon moving across the Sun with a topographic map taken by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter.
He was able to identify the Leibniz and Dörfel mountain ranges near the south pole of the moon during an eclipse.
Experts in spaceweather.com said: “At the peak of the eclipse, the Moon covered 67 percent of the Sun, and the lunar mountains were illuminated by solar fire.”
“Such high-resolution images can help the SDO science team better understand the telescope.
“They show how light diffracts around SDO optics and filter support gratings.
“Once they are calibrated, you can adjust the SDO data for instrumental effects and make sun images even sharper than before.”
Launched in 2010, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory tracks the Sun with a fleet of spacecraft, taking pictures every 0.75 seconds.
He also studies the Sun’s magnetic field, atmosphere, sunspots and other aspects that influence activity during the 11-year solar cycle.
The Sun has been experiencing increased activity for several months as it appears to be entering a particularly active period in its 11-year activity cycle, which began in 2019 and is expected to peak in 2025.
The Sun’s magnetic poles flip at the peak of the solar cycle, and the solar wind of charged particles blows the magnetic field away from the Sun’s surface through the Solar System.
This accompanies an increase in solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) from the surface of the Sun.
A CME is a significant ejection of plasma and an accompanying magnetic field from the solar corona – the outermost part of the solar atmosphere – into the solar wind.
CMEs affect the Earth only when they are directed in the direction of our planet, and tend to be much slower than solar flares as they move more matter around.
Patricio Leon of Santiago, Chile compared close-up images of the Moon moving across the Sun with a topographic map from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter.
The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), pictured here, studies how solar activity is created and how space weather results from this activity.
The energy from the flare can disrupt the area of the atmosphere through which the radio waves pass, which can lead to temporary outages of navigation and communication signals.
On the other hand, CMEs are capable of colliding the Earth’s magnetic fields, creating currents that drive particles down towards the Earth’s poles.
When they react with oxygen and nitrogen, they help create the aurora borealis, also known as the northern and southern lights.
In addition, magnetic changes can affect various human technologies, causing GPS coordinates to drift by several yards and overloading power grids when power companies are not ready.
There have been no extreme CMEs or solar flares in the modern world – the most recent being the Carrington event in 1859 – which created a geomagnetic storm with auroras around the world, as well as fires at telegraph stations.
WHAT IS NASA’S SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY?
The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is a NASA mission that has been observing the Sun since 2010.
Its ultra-HD cameras convert different wavelengths of light into an image that people can see, and then the light is colored into a rainbow of colors.
The satellite was launched on February 11, 2010 from Cape Canaveral.
SDO contains a set of tools that provide observations that will lead to a better understanding of solar dynamics, which determine the variability of the Earth’s environment.
One of the many incredible images provided by SDO.
Among the tasks that this set of tools can solve are the measurement of ultraviolet light, variations in the solar magnetic field, obtaining images of the chromosphere and the inner corona, as well as fixing solar variations that may exist at different periods of the solar cycle.
It does this with three separate pieces of equipment: a helioseismic and magnetic imager; Assembly of images of the atmosphere; and an experiment on extreme ultraviolet variability.
Scientific teams receive this data, which is then processed, analyzed, archived and published.