CERN’s Large Hadron Collider launches for third time to reveal more secrets of space

Now physicists from the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) at the Swiss-French border are restarting the collider. to learn more about the Higgs boson, other subatomic particles, and the mysteries of dark matter, an invisible and elusive substance that cannot be seen because it does not absorb, reflect, or emit light.

Consisting of a ring 27 kilometers (16.7 miles) in circumference, the Large Hadron Collider, located deep under the Alps, consists of superconducting magnets cooled to -271.3 °C (-456 F), which is colder than in outer space. It works by pushing tiny particles together so scientists can observe them and see what’s inside.

On Tuesday, CERN scientists start collecting data for their experimentsand Big Hadron The collider will operate around the clock for almost four years. it the third launch of a massive machine with greater accuracy and detection potential than ever before thanks to upgraded data sensing and selection systems, as well as new detection systems and computing infrastructure.
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“When we do research, we hope we find something unexpected, unexpected. This would be the best result. But of course the answer is in the hands of nature and it depends on how nature answers the open questions of fundamental physics,” Fabiola Gianotti, CERN Director General, said in a video posted on the CERN website.

“We are looking for answers to questions related to dark matter, why the Higgs boson is so light and many other open questions.”

Understanding the Higgs Boson

Physicists François Engler and Peter Higgs first proposed the existence of the Higgs boson in the 1960s. The Standard Model of physics lays out the basics of how elementary particles and forces interact in the universe. But the theory failed to explain how particles actually get their mass. Particles or pieces of matter vary in size and can be larger or smaller than atoms. Electrons, protons, and neutrons, for example, are the subatomic particles that make up an atom. scientists now The Higgs boson is believed to be the particle that gives all matter its mass.

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In 2013, one year after the discovery of the particle, Englert and Higgs received the Nobel Prize for their far-sighted prediction. But much is still unknown about the Higgs boson, and unlocking its secrets could help scientists understand the universe at its smallest scale and some of the biggest mysteries of the cosmos.
The Large Hadron Collider, opened in 2008, is the only place in the world where Higgs boson can be obtained and studied in detail. Third launch successfully launched at 10:47 AM ET on Tuesday.

In the latest round of experiments, CERN scientists will study the properties of matter at extreme temperatures and densities and look for explanations. for dark matter and other new phenomena, either through direct searches or indirectly through precise measurements of the properties of known particles.

“Although all the results obtained so far are consistent with the Standard Model, there is still a lot of room for new phenomena beyond what this theory predicts,” said CERN theorist Michelangelo Mangano. in the news release.

It is believed that dark matter makes up most of the matter in universe and was previously discovered by its ability to create gravitational distortions in outer space.

“The Higgs boson itself could point to new phenomena, including those that could be responsible for dark matter in the universe,” said Luca Malgheri, spokesman for CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid), one of four large experiments at the Large Hadron Collider. which is built around a huge electromagnet.