On November 15, the world’s population is expected to reach eight billion people. United Nations Monday’s forecast in a report that says India will surpass China as the world’s most populous country in 2023.
This shared population milestone “is a reminder of our shared responsibility to care for our planet and a moment to reflect on where we still fall short of our commitments to each other,” said Secretary General António Guterres, without elaborating.
“This is an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognize our shared humanity, and celebrate advances in health care that have increased life expectancy and greatly reduced maternal and child mortality,” he added.
According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the world’s population is growing at the slowest rate since 1950.
It should reach 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050, peaking at about 10.4 billion people in the 2080s before stabilizing at that level until 2100.
While the net decline in fertility rates is observed in several developing countries, more than half of the projected world population growth in the coming decades will be concentrated in eight countries, the report says.
It states that they are the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.
This dramatic increase was driven mainly by an increase in the number of people who survived to reproductive age and was accompanied by significant changes in fertility rates, increased urbanization and accelerated migration.
These trends will have far-reaching implications for future generations.
The world population is expected to reach 9.7 billion in 2050 and could peak at almost 11 billion around 2100.
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