Why is Pablo Picasso so famous? A look at the most influential artist of the 20th century

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Pablo Picasso is one of the most influential painters and sculptors of the 20th century, known for his artistic versatility and extraordinary talent.

Picasso, who lived to the age of 91, was known for changing his artistic techniques and styles throughout his life. His critical acclaim on the contemporary art scene has earned him a fan following the likes of which the world has never seen before.

Why is Picasso so famous?

Born a child prodigy, Picasso contributed to the creation of Cubism for almost 80 years around 1907. Italian bombardment of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. Moreover, his early 20th-century cubism used broken abstract forms that allowed him to depict subjects from different points of view.

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Early in his career, Picasso mastered the traditional styles of European neoclassical art, but switched to surrealism and abstract art in the 1920s. Critics praised his work as seminal, but it was controversial and innovative for his time. One of Picasso’s most famous surrealist paintings includes his Weeping Woman series, in which his infamous angular style combines different colors to form the face of a weeping woman. The work is intended to criticize the damage and destruction caused by the war.

Picasso used various artistic techniques throughout his seventy-year career.

Picasso used various artistic techniques throughout his seventy-year career.
(REUTERS/Mike Segar)

It is estimated that Picasso completed over 13,000 paintings and 100,000 prints and engravings before he passed away in 1973.

How much is a Picasso painting worth?

The cheapest Picasso painting it sold for around $120,000 at auction, with the most expensive ones going for $140 million.

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Why are Picasso paintings so expensive?

Picasso cemented his status in the art world by producing highly acclaimed works over a period of more than seven decades. Moreover, his popularity has only grown since his death, and he remains most profitable artist at auctions around the world.

Pablo Picasso's Guernica depicts the bombing of the city during the Spanish Civil War.

Pablo Picasso’s Guernica depicts the bombing of the city during the Spanish Civil War.
(AP Newsroom)

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Picasso’s legendary status as an artist has contributed to the high auction price of his work, but his masterpieces are becoming increasingly scarce, driving up the prices of many of his paintings. The most revered modernist images in art history come from different stages of Picasso’s career. Therefore, any painting by Picasso, regardless of the stage and year of its writing, will certainly be sold at private auctions for at least a six-figure sum.