Hypertension, the silent killer: what is it?

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YouTuber Kevin Samuels, who had over a million followers on Instagram, has reportedly died of hypertension, also known as high blood pressure.

He passed away on May 5; a copy of the autopsy report from the Fulton County Medical Examiner’s Office in Georgia was obtained by TMZ.

“The Fulton County Medical Examiner’s Office performed an autopsy on Mr. Kevin Samuels on Friday, May 6, 2022,” the post reads. medical examiner press report.

On his website, he listed the cause and manner of death as “pending”.

But the medical examiner noted that there was “evidence of hypertension… including heart with thicker chambers than usual,” notes TMZ.

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Samuels was only 53 years old.

What is hypertension?

“Blood pressure is the pressure of blood against the walls of your arteries. Arteries carry blood from your heart to other parts of your body,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains on its website.

“Blood pressure usually rises and falls throughout the day, but it can damage your heart and cause health problems if it stays high for a long time.”

Hypertension is a disease in which blood pressure is higher than usual.

A woman's blood pressure is being measured.  Blood pressure is measured in two numbers, systolic and diastolic.

A woman’s blood pressure is being measured. Blood pressure is measured in two numbers, systolic and diastolic.
(AP Photo/Derron Cummings)

The higher the blood pressure, the more the condition can affect the heart, brain, kidneys, or eyes, causing life-threatening conditions such as a heart attack or stroke.

According to the CDC, blood pressure is measured in two numbers. The top number is known as systolic blood pressure, which measures the blood pressure in the arteries when the heart beats.

According to the CDC, there were about 670,000 deaths in the US in 2020 from hypertension as an underlying or concomitant cause.

The bottom number is known as the diastolic number, which measures the blood pressure in the arteries, “when your heart is resting between beats,” according to the CDC.

“If the measurement reads 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, you should say 120 over 80,” or write “120/80 mmHg,” according to the health agency.

Blood pressure is measured in units called millimeters of mercury, also referred to as mmHg.

Normal blood pressure is defined as less than 120/80 mmHg.  Art., according to several expert sources.

Normal blood pressure is defined as less than 120/80 mmHg. Art., according to several expert sources.
(BSIP/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

Normal blood pressure is defined as less than 120/80 mmHg. Art., according to the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association 2017 Guidelines for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Adults.

The same guidelines define “elevated” blood pressure as systolic blood pressure between 120 and 129 mmHg. and diastolic less than 80 mm Hg.

High blood pressure or stage 1 hypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure of 130 mmHg. or diastolic 80 mmHg, and stage 2 hypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg. or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg. or more.

The CDC reports that only about 24% of people with hypertension receive adequate treatment.

According to the CDC, there were about 670,000 deaths in the US in 2020 from hypertension as an underlying or concomitant cause.

“Nearly half of adults in the United States (47%, or 116 million) have hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure above 130 mmHg. Art. or diastolic blood pressure greater than 80 mm Hg. CDC.

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But only about 24% of people with hypertension receive adequate treatment.

The agency said there are about 34 million more adults “who are advised to take medication… [They] may need to be prescribed and taken.”

A nurse measures the blood pressure of a nursing home resident in her room.

A nurse measures the blood pressure of a nursing home resident in her room.
(Tobias Hase/image alliance via Getty Images)

There are often no warning signs of high blood pressure, so many people don’t realize they have the condition, according to the CDC.

“Measuring blood pressure is the only way to know if you have high blood pressure,” the agency said.

The condition develops over time for a variety of reasons, such as lack of exercise or the presence of an underlying medical condition such as diabetes or obesity that increases the risk.

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“However, lifestyle plays a vital role in treating high blood pressure. Controlling blood pressure through a healthy lifestyle can prevent, delay, or reduce the need for medications,” the Mayo Clinic notes.

“In addition to lifestyle changes, medications are often used to lower blood pressure.”

“Treatment for high blood pressure often starts with lifestyle changes, including reducing the salt in your diet, losing weight if needed, quitting smoking, cutting back on alcohol, and exercising regularly,” the Food and Drug Administration added. US Medicines (FDA). Web site.

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According to the American Heart Association, treatment is often individualized and depends on the stage of the blood pressure.

“In addition to lifestyle changes, medications are often used to lower blood pressure. There are several types of medications that treat high blood pressure, and each type of medication has its own benefits and risks that should be carefully weighed by you and your healthcare provider.” according to the FDA.