The Senate is pushing a bill to make the US more competitive with China.

A sweeping bipartisan bill to make America more competitive with China gained support in the Senate on Wednesday after the top Democrat moved to revive critical investments in manufacturing and technology that may have been abandoned after months of negotiations.

In a test vote Tuesday night, the Senate agreed to pass the most politically influential and commercially urgent measure: legislation that would provide more than $52 billion in subsidies and tax breaks to semiconductor companies in the United States. .

A vote of 64-34 indicates widespread support for a year-long effort to pass expanded industrial policy legislation to counter China’s technological and manufacturing dominance. That venture seemed to go awry in recent weeks as lawmakers struggled to reach an agreement on a sprawling bill.

After 16 Republican senators voted in favor of the measure, Senator Chuck Schumer, Democrat of New York and Majority Leader, reinstated in legislation a number of critical research and development measures that had previously been sidelined. In an unusual exercise, Mr. Schumer said he would only add the provisions if the bill received 60 votes, indicating it could survive the filibuster and move on to passage in the Senate.

Now the Senate is set to put forward a broader package that would allow about $250 billion for research and development of critical technologies. Written by Midwesterner and New Yorker – Mr. Schumer and Republican Senator Todd Young, Indiana, he seeks to focus these investments in once-thriving industrial centers to revitalize communities devastated by corporate offshoring.

“All of this will help America become a leader in the development of tomorrow’s technologies,” he said. Schumer said. “When we invest here in science, we are creating millions of new high-paying jobs and ensuring that America leads the way in these cutting-edge issues that will dominate the economy of the 21st century.”

The Senate could pass the bill as early as this week, and Speaker Nancy Pelosi said on Wednesday that the House of Representatives could pass the bill as early as next week, calling it a “major victory for American families.”

Hundreds of measures included in the original bill, including a provision giving the government oversight of US companies wishing to invest in foreign countries, were removed from the legislation.

In addition to investments in the National Science Foundation and federal research and development, the Senators also included language barring federally funded chipmakers from expanding or building new advanced semiconductor manufacturing facilities in “specific countries that pose a national security threat to the United States.” “

The senators also included language barring employees of the federal research agency from participating in foreign talent recruitment programs.