Draghi resigned for the second time

ROME – Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi again offered to resign on Thursday, a day after last effort persuading the country’s disparate parties to rally for the good of the nation failed: nationalist and populist forces reunited to fatally torpedo his government of national unity.

mr. Draghi “resigned again” for the second time in just over a week, President Sergio Mattarella’s office said in a statement. Mattarella “took note” of the decision and that in the meantime “the government is still in charge of business as usual”.

mr. Mattarella rejected Mr. Draghi’s resignation last week in the hope that Mr. Draghi could still convince Italy’s warring factions to stick together. mr. Draghi made the attempt on Wednesday when he argued in parliament, arguing that “the only way forward if we want to stay together is to rebuild this pact from above with courage, altruism and trust.”

But with elections approaching, Italy’s parties decided not to go ahead, but to blow up what many saw as one of the most stable, efficient and powerful Italian governments in years to try and gain political advantage and seize power.

The effective collapse of Mr. Draghi’s government was a devastating blow to both Italy and Europe. Already on Thursday, financial markets reacted negatively to the imminent departure of Mr. Putin. Draghi, the former president of the European Central Bank who helped save the euro and boosted investor confidence in his debt-ridden country through his influence.

mr. The statesman Draghi ushered in a brief golden period for Italy after he took over as acting prime minister in 2021, and in a speech on Wednesday, he said a broad coalition of unity had enabled Italy to emerge from the worst phase of the pandemic. , quickly channel financial aid to those who need it, and reduce “useless bureaucracy”.

He also listed key changes in various sectors, including increased energy independence from Russia, which he called “essential for Italy’s modernization,” and noted that Rome has already received 45.9 billion euros (about $47 billion) from the European Commission. into recovery funds, with another 21 billion euros on the way.

Under the city of Draghi, Italy took a much larger place in Europe. He persuaded the country, historically close and economically connected with Russia, to take a firm stand. support Ukraine with armsstake out a leading role in the recognition of Kyiv’s application for membership in the European Union and condemn Russian aggression and punish Moscow with sanctions.

Many of G. Draghi’s supporters argued that this bringing of stability and competence to Italian politics, as well as the moderation required to work together in a government of national unity, essentially inoculated the country from the populist fever.

Instead, Italy was moving closer to an election in which Georgia Meloni, the most popular politician, leads a party with neo-fascist roots, whose popularity in the polls soared to 22 percent from less than 5 percent in the last election in 2018.

Unlike Ms. Meloni, the opposition’s campaign bomber, her nominal League ally Matteo Salvini, entered the government of national unity, in part to satisfy his support for businesses in the north that liked Mr. Trump. Draghi.

But on Wednesday, with the election approaching, Mr. Salvini’s patience ran out and he caused the collapse of Mr. Salvini. Draghi’s government, clearly looking to get back on the campaign trail, regain the popularity that Ms. Meloni took from him and showed he should be the country’s next prime minister.

Whoever comes first, Mr. Salvini and Mr. Meloni, has formed an alliance with former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, who stands a good chance of winning elections that could take place as early as late September or early October.