Often used in jewelry, amber is the fossilized resin of trees, the oldest of which is over 300 million years old.
In recent years, the Hukaung Valley in northern Myanmar, formerly Burma, gave numerous finds.
In January 2017, researchers discovered a 100-million-year-old insect preserved in amber that bore a passing resemblance to an alien.
Its features, including its triangular head and bulging eyes, were so unique that researchers assigned them to the new scientific order Aethiocarenodea.
Eyes on the sides of the head would give the insect the ability to see almost 180 degrees just by turning its head.
In June 2017, researchers found a stunning baby stuck in amber, thought to be only a few days old when it fell into a puddle of sap oozing from a coniferous tree in Myanmar.
An incredible find has revealed the head, neck, wing, tail and legs of a now-extinct bird that lived during the time of the dinosaurs, 100 million years ago, in unprecedented detail.
The researchers nicknamed the young enantiornithines “Belone” after the Burmese name for the amber-colored eastern lark.
The calf belonged to a group of birds known as “opposite birds” that lived alongside the ancestors of modern birds.
Archaeologists say they were actually more diverse and successful until they went extinct with the dinosaurs 66 million years ago.
They were very different from today’s birds, and their shoulders and legs grew very differently from today’s birds.
In December 2017, experts unearthed incredible ancient fossils of a tick clutching a dinosaur feather and another, dubbed the “dreadful Dracula tick”, swollen after drinking blood.
The first evidence that blood-sucking parasites lived on dinosaurs was found in Burmese amber 99 million years old.
The newly discovered mite has been dated to the Cretaceous period from 145 to 66 million years ago.
In 2021, researchers announced the discovery of a new species of land snail from 99 million years ago preserved in amber immediately after birth.
The soft body of the marshmallow-like gastropod Cretatortulosa gignens is preserved in juice, as are its five descendants.
That same week, scientists in Myanmar announced another discovery of a new species of ancient lizard, trapped in amber around the same time.
Naga Oculudentavis has been confirmed as a lizard after a CT scan analyzing its skull and partial skeleton.