Fast facts about the London Underground – CNN

There are a number of old stations and tunnels that are now closed.

Total passenger traffic in 2020/2021 were significantly lower due to coronavirus pandemicwith just over 296 million as of June 2021.
London Underground Patrol British Transport Police (BTP).

Some stations are run by APCs and local police forces.

Over 12,000 security cameras are used to monitor London Underground stations, depots, car parks and trains.


January 9, 1863 – The London Underground begins running on the Metropolitan Railway. Forty thousand passengers ride the subway on the first day. This route is now served by the Circle Line and the Hammersmith & City Line.

1863 – The Metropolitan line opens (purple line on the map).

1864 – Hammersmith & City Line opens (pink line on the map).

1868 – The District Line will open (the green line on the map).

1869 – The East London line opens (orange line on the map).

1884 – The Circle Line (yellow line on the map) will open.

1890- The Northern Line opens (black line on the map).

1898- Waterloo & City Line opens (turquoise on the map).

1900 – The Central line opens (red line on the map).

1906 – The Bakerloo line opens (brown line on the map). The Piccadilly line will open (dark blue on the map).

1911 – First escalators installed at Earl’s Court station.

1913 – First appearance of the circle and horizontal bar symbol.

1929- The last manually operated doors on metro trains have been replaced by pneumatically operated doors.

1969- The Victoria Line will open (light blue on the map).

1979- Anniversary line opens (silver line on the map).

November 18, 1987 – The fire at King’s Cross Station was caused by a burning match falling on the panel of an escalator with wooden steps. Thirty-one people died in the fire.

July 7, 2005 – Four suicide bombers blew themselves up aboard three subway trains and a bus during the morning rush hour, killing 52 people and injuring about 700.
July 21, 2005 – There were four terrorist attacks in London almost simultaneously, three on the subway, one on the bus. Two weeks after the July 7 attacks, three small devices exploded at three different metro stations. Small explosions occurred at Warren Street, The Oval, and Shepherd’s Bush stations. Scotland Yard also responded to the bus “incident” at Hackney Road and Columbia Road in East London. There are no victims.

2007- For the first time, the metro carries one billion passengers a year.

2013 – 150 years.

July 8, 2015 – BUT 24 hour strike starting at 18:00 local time. The strike was called after unions and the London Underground failed to agree on the payment of wages for a new Night Underground service due to start in September.

February 23, 2016 – It has been announced that the new Crossrail rail project will be called the Elizabeth Line. A completely new line is scheduled to open in autumn 2019.

April 15, 2016 – Phil Sayerknown for the London Underground safety announcements “Beware of the abyss” and “Stay out of doors” is dying.
September 15, 2017 – BUT explosion at rush hour injured by an improvised explosive device on a London Underground train at Parsons Green station at least 30 people in what police are calling a terrorist attack.

May 12, 2021 – Safety testing begins on new Crossrail/Elizabeth Line trains. Project leaders expect the new line to be launched in early 2022, almost four years later than planned.

May 17, 2022 – Queen Elizabeth II does surprise public appearance at the Crossrail/Elizabeth Line opening ceremony. The first stage will open to the public on May 24.