The vast Valles Marineris canyon has been shown in stunning new images from the European Space Agency. Mars To express.
At 2,485 miles long, over 124 miles wide, and over 4 miles deep, the Red Planet Canyon is nothing compared to the American Canyon. Valles Marineris will cover the distance from the northern tip of Norway to the southern tip of Sicily.
The new image shows two trenches or gorges that form part of the western part of the Marineris Valley. On the left is the 521 mile long Luz Gorge and on the right is the 500 mile long Titonium Gorge.
The image uses data from the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) aboard Mars Express and is a “true color” image, meaning it shows what the human eye would see if it looked at this region of Mars.
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This tilted perspective view of Titonius Gorge (pictured above), which is part of the Mariner Valley Canyon structure on Mars, was created from a digital terrain model, nadir and color channels from a high-resolution stereo camera aboard the European Space Agency’s Mars Express.
A huge Red Planet canyon has been discovered in new images released by the ESA. The new image shows two trenches or gorges that form part of the western part of the Marineris Valley. On the left is the 521 mile long Luz Gorge and on the right is the 500 mile long Titonium Gorge.
The Red Planet Canyon is 2,485 miles long, over 124 miles wide, and over 4 miles deep, making the American Grand Canyon seem utterly insignificant in comparison.
This image of Tithonia Gorge shows parallel lines and rubble piles (upper right) that indicate a recent landslide.
The image above shows an angled view of the giant Valles Marineris canyon system on Mars. The canyons were formed by a combination of geological faults, landslides, and erosion by wind and ancient water currents.
Seen in terms of height, the highest mountain of the Alps, Mont Blanc, rising over 15,000 feet above sea level, would appear to be a dwarf if placed in the Titonium Gorge.
Unlike the Grand Canyon of America, which was formed about 5 million years ago when the Colorado River eroded rocks, the massive Red Planet Canyon is believed to have been formed by drifting tectonic plates.
At the top of Titonium Gorge, a patch of dark sand, possibly from a nearby volcanic region, adds color contrast to the image.
Next to the dark sand dunes are two light mounds, one of which is cut in half by the upper border of the image.
This image, taken by the Mars Express spacecraft, shows a perspective view of a mesa in the regions east of the Marineris Valley, the largest canyons in the solar system.
The vast Red Planet Mariner Valley, which extends nearly a quarter of the planet’s circumference, is visible at the top (middle) in this image from the Granger collection.
Lus and Tithonium Chasmata are visible above. The area highlighted by the bold white box represents the area taken by the Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera on April 21, 2022 during orbit.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun with a “nearly dead” dusty, cold, desert world with a very thin atmosphere.
Mars is also a dynamic planet with changing seasons, polar ice caps, canyons, dormant volcanoes and evidence that it was even more active in the past.
This is one of the most studied planets in the solar system and the only planet that people have sent rovers to explore.
One day on Mars lasts just over 24 hours, and a year is equal to 687 Earth days.
Facts and figures
Orbital period: 687 days
Surface area: 144.8 million km²
Distance from the Sun: 227.9 million km
Gravity: 3.721 m/s²
Radius: 3389.5 km
Moon: Phobos, Deimos
These mounds are actually gigantic, rising to over 9,800 feet in height. By comparison, Mount Hesperus in Alaska, the highest peak of the Revelation Mountains, stands at 9,828 feet.
The surfaces of the mounds have been significantly eroded by strong Martian winds: typical wind speeds on the Red Planet average 125 miles per hour, with gusts reaching 300-375 miles per hour.
A series of small cones can be seen between two large mounds.
Mars Express has previously found hydrous sulfate minerals in the region, according to the ESA.
The space agency says this suggests the bulges formed when the liquid that once filled the chasm evaporated, but the matter is being debated by scientists.
“In the lower right corner of the embankment, which we see in full (upper right in the second perspective view), we can see parallel lines and piles of debris that indicate a recent landslide,” the ESA report says. statement.
This evidence can also be seen in the topographic image below.
“The landslide was caused by the collapse of the canyon wall on the right and probably occurred relatively recently because it was not severely damaged,” ESA explains.
“The gnarled floor of Ius Chasma is just as mesmerizing.
“As the tectonic plates moved apart, they appear to have created jagged triangles of rock that look like a row of shark teeth.”
Over time, the rock formations collapsed and eroded.
The ESA Mars Express spacecraft has been orbiting the Red Planet since 2003 to conduct a wide range of scientific experiments, including visualization of the surface of Mars, mapping of its minerals, determination of the composition and circulation of its atmosphere, and exploration under its crust.
NASA’s Perseverance rover has legs the study The red planet for almost a year and a half. The US space agency wants to send humans to Mars in the 2030s.
Elon Musk, founder SpaceXhas long said that humans should colonize Mars and become a multi-planet species in order to preserve consciousness and spread it into space.
Image above: A color-coded topographic image showing Ius and Tithonium Chasmata, which are part of the Valles Marineris structure of Mars’ canyon, which was generated from data collected by ESA’s Mars Express.
The image above is a computer illustration of the Valles Marineris canyon on the Red Planet, which is the largest canyon in the solar system.