Russia called the US and NATO “the main threats” to national security

Under a new Russian naval doctrine signed by President Vladimir Putin on Sunday, the United States’ ambition to dominate the world’s oceans and NATO expansion are the biggest threats facing Russia.

The 55-page document states that “the main challenges and threats” to national security and development are “Washington’s strategic goal of dominating the oceans” and the advancement of NATO’s military infrastructure to Russia’s borders.

“Russia’s independent domestic and foreign policy is facing countermeasures from the United States and its allies seeking to maintain their dominance in the world, including in the oceans,” the doctrine, signed on Russian Navy Day, says.

Moscow sees the Western military alliance — the Soviet Union’s Cold War enemy — as an existential threat, using hopes of Ukraine’s membership to justify its February 24 offensive.

The doctrine says that Moscow will seek to strengthen its leading position in the development of the Arctic and its minerals and maintain “strategic stability” there by strengthening the potential of the Northern and Pacific fleets.

It also mentioned Russia’s desire to develop a “safe and competitive” sea route from Europe to Asia, known as the Northeast Passage, through the country’s Arctic coast and keep it open throughout the year.

“Today’s Russia cannot exist without a strong fleet … and will firmly and resolutely defend its interests in the oceans,” the doctrine says.