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WASHINGTON. On Tuesday, the State Department announced massive new sanctions on dozens of Russian companies and individuals to further punish Moscow for its incursion into Ukraine, including oligarchs close to President Vladimir Putin and technology institutions linked to the Russian military.

“While Ukrainians continue to valiantly defend their homeland in the face of President Putin’s brutal war, the Russian elite are running large, profitable companies and financing their own luxurious lifestyle outside of Russia,” said Secretary of State Anthony J. Blinken. in a statement of measures.

Many of the new targets on the State Department’s new list, or on the list announced by the Treasury on Tuesday, are already under sanctions imposed by the European Union and the UK. One of them is Alina Kabaeva, a former Olympic gymnast and member of the Russian Duma, who has long been considered Mr. Olympia. Putin’s romantic partner.

Movement blocks Ms. Kabaeva from accessing any assets in the United States or conducting transactions with Americans, and also denies her a visa to enter the United States.

Other new targets include several billionaires: Dmitry Pumpyansky, chairman of a Russian steelmaker; Andrey Melnichenko, founder of fertilizer and coal companies; and Alexander Ponomarenko, a businessman with “close ties to other oligarchs and the construction of Vladimir Putin’s seaside palace.” Blinken said.

Two dozen “most important defense research and development organizations, semiconductor manufacturers, and advanced computing and electronics businesses” are also subject to the new measures. Blinken said. Among them is the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, which has developed drones and other devices for the Russian armed forces.

mr. Putin has “repeatedly stressed his concerns about Russia’s access to microelectronics,” according to a State Department fact sheet that claims the new measures will deal a new blow to the Russian military machine.

Daniel Fried, the Obama administration’s former US sanctions policy coordinator, called the new measures “serious work,” saying the action against high-tech businesses was particularly significant.

He also said Russia and sanctions experts have taken note of the measures against Mr. Putin. A well-known romantic partner of Putin. “Many of us smiled when we saw Kabaeva,” he said.

mr. Fried urged the Biden administration to redouble its efforts to impose a stronger global cap on the purchase price of Russian oil, which could deprive the Kremlin of billions of dollars in revenue. The G7 leaders discussed such a restriction at a meeting in Germany at the end of June, but did not announce a specific plan.

“They have to deliver – it’s been a month,” he said. “They need something efficient to eat into Putin’s income. This package is good, but the need demands more.”

Also included in the new US list is State Transport Leasing Company Joint Stock Company, a state-owned enterprise that the State Department has identified as Russia’s largest transport leasing company, and four of its subsidiaries.

In addition, the State Department will impose visa restrictions on 893 additional Russian government employees for hostile acts against Ukraine, as well as 31 foreign government officials who supported Russia’s claims to Ukrainian territory. Blinken said.

mr. Blinken said the United States also imposed sanctions on four people and one organization for “illegal activities on Ukrainian soil in cooperation with Russia.” One of the four is Konstantin Ivashchenko., who US officials called “the illegitimate mayor of Russian-controlled Mariupol.”

The organization that US officials have singled out is the Committee to Save Peace and Order, which the State Department says was set up in Ukraine’s Kherson region to support Moscow’s efforts to establish control there.

Among the targets of the Treasury sanctions are three “Kremlin-linked elites.” Among them is Andrey Guryev, a “famous close associate” of Mr. Putin, who owns Witanhurst, 25-bedroom mansion and grounds. considered the second largest residential property in London after Buckingham Palace, the department said in a statement. news release.

The Ministry of Finance also sanctioned Mr Guryev’s Yacht, Alfa Nero, which he reportedly bought for $120 million in 2014. The agency said Alfa Nero has reportedly turned off its location tracking system.